"Germans and Poles, 18711945". Under Ernst Röhm 's leadership the SA grew by 1934 to over half a million members4.5 million including reservesat a time when the regular army was still limited to 100,000 men by the Versailles Treaty. The Nazis intended on deporting all Romani people from Germany, and confined them to Zigeunerlager (Gypsy camps) for this purpose. A Concise History of Nazi Germany. Participants included Generaloberst Ludwig Beck, Generaloberst Walther von Brauchitsch, Generaloberst Franz Halder, Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, and Generalleutnant Erwin von Witzleben, who joined a conspiracy headed by Oberstleutnant Hans Oster and Major Helmuth Groscurth of the Abwehr. Jewish civil servants lost their jobs in 1933, except for those who had seen military service in World War. Students were required to watch all films prepared by the school division of the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Initially the victims were shot by the Einsatzgruppen and others; gas chambers and gas vans using carbon monoxide were used by early 1940. According to 1939 census, 54 percent considered themselves Protestant, 40 percent Roman Catholic,.5 percent Gottgläubig (God-believing; a Nazi religious movement) and.5 percent nonreligious. Bulgaria signed the pact on 17 November. Twelve Subsequent Nuremberg trials of 184 defendants were held between 19Between 19, the Allies investigated 3,887 cases, of which 489 were brought to trial. Attacks began with artillery bombardment, followed by bombing and strafing runs. In 1936, a Confessing Church envoy protested to Hitler against the religious persecutions and human rights abuses. The Nazis postulated the existence of a racial conflict between the Aryan master race and inferior races, particularly Jews, who were viewed as a mixed race that had infiltrated society and were responsible for the exploitation and repression of the Aryan race. Archived from the original on Retrieved. Poor living conditions led to high rates of sickness, injury, and death, as well as sabotage and criminal activity.